How to Cancel Your IRCTC Train Ticket – Cancellation & Refund Policy

Booking train tickets has become a lot easier due to the internet and IRCTC – the online booking portal of Indian Railways. You no longer have to go to the railway station, wait in a long queue to book the ticket. It can be done from your computer or even a smartphone. However, things can get tricky when you have to cancel your plans for a train journey. If you don’t cancel your train ticket, you won’t receive the refunds. Knowing how to cancel train ticket can be a lot helpful in such situations. If you don’t know how to cancel train ticket online IRCTC won’t be able to help you in the problem. To help you in learning how to cancel train ticket we have prepared this step-by-step guide for you with all the instructions and rules.


How to Cancel The Ticket From IRCTC?

Online tickets, often referred to as E-tickets, are majorly booked through the official portal of Indian Railways – IRCTC. You should know that you can cancel the ticket you booked till the charts are printed. For the train that’s about to depart till the 12 in the noon the charts are printed on the previous night. You can cancel an E-ticket online only, and it can’t be done at railway ticket counters.

Following are the simple steps to cancellation:

  1. Visit from your computer or smartphone
  2. Visit the ‘Booked Tickets’
  3. Now, choose the ticket that you wish to be cancelled by clicking on the passengers to be cancelled
  4. You’ll be notified once the cancellation is confirmed, the amount of refund would be returned to the account through which you booked it, train ticket cancellation charges are applicable
  5. Regarding the partial cancellation, you need to print separately a fresh e-reservation slip also known as Electronic Reservation Slip.

Note: You can’t cancel the bookings once the charts are printed.

Guidelines For Filing TDR For E-tickets After The Charts are Printed

  • The user won’t be able to receive the refunds if the tickets that have confirmed reservation are not cancelled or TDR(Ticket Depository Receipt) is not filled up within four hours before the train departs.
  • You won’t be credited the refunds if you don’t cancel the RAC E-tickets or don’t file TDR online thirty minutes before the train departs.
  • According to IRCTC ticket cancellation and refund policy, if a party E-ticket issued to more than one passenger, if some travellers get their reservation confirmed and other members are put on RAC/waiting list, a full refund and minimum clerkage are allowed.
  • Upon filing up a TDR, the IRCTC makes sure to transfer the claim to the concerned railways to start the process of the refund. Soon the customer received the payment through the same account that was used to book the tickets. For any questions or complaints, write an email to [email protected]

The General Ticket Cancellation Policies One Must Know

The customers are imposed with charges on the basis of per passenger. If the confirmed ticket is cancelled before 48 hours of departure of the train, then deduction charges will be as follows:

  • AC First Class/Executive Class – Rs.240/-
  • AC 2 Tier/First Class – Rs.200/-
  • AC 3 Tier/AC Chair Car/AC 3 Economy – Rs.180/-
  • Sleeper Class – Rs.120/-
  • Second Class – Rs.60/-

However, the ticket cancellation charges go up to 25% of the price, if you cancel the ticket within 48 hours and 12 hours before the train leaves.

The same charges go up by 50% if you cancel the ticket within 12 hours and up to 4 hours before the journey.  

In cases of the train getting cancelled in PRS due to any issue, the passengers get a complete return from the company if they cancel the ticket within three days of the departure.

Steps to Cancel Waitlisted or RAC Train Tickets

  • Customers can cancel the RAC(Reservation Against Cancellation) tickets or waitlisted tickets up to thirty minutes before the train’s departure. The passengers get refunds after the deducting the clerkage charges.
  • The clerkage fee of RAC and waitlisted tickets for Second Class (reserved) and other classes is about Rs.60/- each passenger.
  • For the train that runs more than 3 hours late than the scheduled time, passengers get a full refund of RAC and waitlisted tickets, plus no cancellation charges. However, you must produce the ticket before the actual departure of the train to get the refund credited.  
  • If you want to cancel your PRS(Passenger Reservation System) ticket, you are allowed a refund within three days, excluding the day of the journey.

Is a Refund Allowed on Cancellation of Tatkal Ticket?

Unfortunately, no. You don’t get any refund on cancellation of Tatkal train tickets. However, a passenger can ask for a refund if the train is running late more than 3 hours behind the departure schedule or is cancelled. For that, you must file a TDR.  

As far as the waitlisted Tatkal tickets cancellations, charges are deducted as per the ticket cancellation and refund policy in IRCTC. It is possible to cancel Tatkal E-ticket partially.

In case of partial cancellation, make sure to print a fresh e-reservation slip separately.

Final Words

Now that we have seen how to cancel IRCTC ticket, the steps to cancel irctc train ticket can help you easily cancel the ticket and save you valuable money. Make sure to carefully follow the steps to get the return on cancelled tickets.

The 5 Great Indian Scientists and their Inventions – Must Read

From the last two centuries, science and technology have gone through exponential growth, due to discoveries and inventions made by scientists and inventors. From Space Exploration to Atomic Energy to Quantum Mechanics, we Indians are never behind in exploring the new horizons unknown to humanity. Indian scientists have shown their intellectual rigor and brilliance from time to time with their inventions and scientific findings.

5 Famous Indian Scientists and their Inventions

In this article, we talk about famous Indian scientists and their inventions and awards they received. It’s essential to know their contribution to our society and pass on their stories to our future generations, to inspire them. Read this list of Indian scientists names and their inventions and share it with your friends.

C. V. Raman – One of Famous Indian Scientist

C. V. Raman

The honor of being the first Asian and non-White Nobel laureate in Sciences was received by Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, widely known as C. V. Raman.

He was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirapalli, Madras Presidency.  He was the pioneer of the Physics in India. In 1930, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the critical findings on the scattering of light and Raman Effect. When a light ray traverses through a transparent material, some of the light gets deflected, the wavelength of deflected light changes, this phenomenon is known as Raman Scattering which is the result of the Raman Effect.

Raman was also obsessed with studying classical Indian musical instruments like Tabla, Veena and Mridangam. He studied the harmonic nature of sound.

Raman passed away in Bangalore, India in 1970 at the age of 82.

Dr. Homi Bhabha – Father of the Atomic Energy in India

Dr. Homi Bhabha

A nation isn’t considered a powerful nation until it becomes a nation with nuclear power and arms. Homi Bhabha anticipated the power and importance of atomic energy and played a key role – Father of the atomic energy in India.  

Dr. Bhabha was born on October 30, 1909, in Bombay, British India. He became the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India. His career in Nuclear Physics started when he was in the United Kingdom. He returned to India, followed by the outbreak of WWII. He played an essential role in convincing the Indian government to start an ambitious nuclear program. Bhabha wanted to use nuclear energy to fulfill India’s energy consumption. Unfortunately, he fell victim to an airplane crash in Swiss Alps and passed away on 24 January 1966. However, after his demise, many conspiracy theories surfaced include the one which suggests the involvement of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in this to paralyze the Atomic program of India.

Sir M. Visvesvaraya – Man with Multiple Talents.

Sir M. Visvesvaraya

When it comes to mentioning the names of top Indian scientists, you can’t ignore the name of Sir M. Visvesvaraya. He was a man of multiple talents.

M. Visvesvaraya’s full name was Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. He was given the honorable title of ‘Sir’ for his great achievements. He was born on September 15, 1860.  Sir Visvesvaraya was a renowned civil engineer, scholar, and Dewan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He worked as the chief engineer of State of Mysore in 1909. He’s known for building a flood protection system for the Hyderabad. Apart from the achievements mentioned above, he received the credit for inventing ‘Automatic Sluice Gates’ and ‘Block irrigation system,’ these innovations are regarded highly in engineering. Government of India honored him with the highest honor, Bharat Ratna.

Every year engineers of India celebrate his birthday, 15th September as Engineer’s Day.

Srinivasa Ramanujan – The Brilliant Indian Mathematician

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Some men live a short life, but in their short life, they leave the high marks of their achievements.

In this list of top scientists of India and their inventions, we’d like to introduce you to one of the finest minds India has ever had – Srinivasa Ramanujan, the brilliant Indian mathematician, who lived during the British Raj. The most brilliant thing about Ramanujan’s career is that he almost had no formal training in pure Mathematics. Ramanujan is famous for his contribution to the field of Mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. After facing a lot of hardships and failures, he went on to work with famous mathematician G. H. Hardy at Cambridge. Living in England wasn’t easy for him either; fell severely ill due to weather and scarcity of vegetarian food. He returned to India slightly after he passed away in 1920, at the young age of 32.

Interestingly, Ramanujan was a deeply religious Hindu, and he credited his mathematical talent to be the blessing of the family goddess. He said, “An equation for me has no meaning unless it expresses a thought of God.”

Jagadish Chandra Bose – Famous Indian Scientist

Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose is the name everyone has heard at least once during the biology or science lectures. He was a great Indian polymath, known for his contributions in biology, botany, physics, and archaeology. The person who pioneered the research of radio and microwave optics is none other than Acharya Bose.

He was born in West Bengal on November 30 1858.  However, he is world famous for his contributions in botany. With the help of semiconductor junctions, he was the first person to discover radio signals. He demonstrated the wireless connection for the first time. The most magnificent generous gesture shown by him was that he made his inventions freely accessible to everyone to make progress in development.

A Crescograph is the device he invented to measure the response of plants to stimuli. He proposed that plants can indeed feel pain and many other feelings. He is also known as a great science fiction writer; he’s regarded as the father of Bengali science fiction.

Final Words

The reason India has a glorious future ahead is because of the strong foundations of science and technology these great scientists have laid with their great discoveries and inventions. We must honor them by sharing their stories with the future generations to inspire them.

Thechikottukavu Ramachandran The Giant Elephant | Facts, Latest News

When it comes to India, there are many amazing stories which will amaze you. One of those stories is the tale of a giant living elephant of Kerala, whose name is Thechikottukavu Ramachandran.

Ramachandran is a tallest elephant which is in the custody of Thechikottukavu temple in Kerala. This elephant is no more than a celebrity because he has achieved the popularity because of his bulky shape and also the damages he has so far caused.

Celebrities are treated as a god in south India, and the same thing is happening with Ramachandran. This elephant has gathered a vast amount of fan following, and people come every day to Thechikottukavu temple to see this magnificent creature. In Hindu mythology, the elephant has got a special privilege because of the Lord Ganesha, and that’s the reason why Ramachandran is invited by many people in Kerala on auspicious days as a symbol of the god.

However, if we look back, then history is full of darkness and blood. The giant elephant has so far brutally killed 13 people by crushing them. There are many stories regarding various incidents which might shock you, but this is the reason why Ramachandran is branded as one of the most dangerous captive elephants in the state.

However, Ramachandran is partly blind because his one eye is already damaged, which still doesn’t make him less scary. The giant elephant has caused lots of troubles to those who have come across him.

Deadliest Attack Made By Thechikottukavu Ramachandran

Thechikottukavu Ramachandran attacks

One of the most significant disadvantages of having such type of giant elephant is that they can be extremely dangerous and following incidents prove that point.

  • During his lifetime, Ramachandran has nearly killed 13 people and injured hundreds of other people. He has even murdered three other elephants brutally.
  • It’s been reported that from 1984 to 1989 Ramachandran has killed five mahouts which were hired to take care of him.
  • In 2009 during the temple fest at Kattakampal Bhagavathy temple in Thrissur, Ramachandran ran over hundreds of people who injured many people severely, and it even killed a small 12-year-old boy.  
  • In 2009 again at the festival in Eranakulathappan Temple in Ernakulam, Ramachandran killed a woman brutally.
  • Five years ago, during the Thaipooyam at Perumbavoor, he again killed three women.

Even though the history of this giant elephant is such brutal, it’s still worshiped by lakhs of people in Kerala. The fan following of Ramachandran is not only Kerala but also in other southern states of India too. Many people invite him during the auspicious day, and that’s the reason giant elephant charges a whopping four lakhs of rupees for a single parade.

Latest news related to Thechikottukavu Ramachandran

As mentioned earlier, Ramachandran is already famous in southern India, and that’s the reason you would find thousands of fans of this giant creature on social media platforms also. They all like to know about what’s happening around him and whether did he cause any damages or not.

Recently Thechikottukavu temple board mutually decided not to lease out their elephants in any festivals. Thechikottukavu temple is famous for providing significant and big elephants, including Ramachandran during the Pooram or any celebrations. However, the temple’s board had decided to take this decision of not letting other elephants out during festival season when recently Authority banned 54-year-old giant Ramachandran for security reasons. The temple is indirectly protesting by doing this against those authorities who have banned gigantic elephant Ramachandran.

Temple authorities recently released the health of status of Thechikottukavu Ramachandran, and it seems like the elephant is doing fine. Doctors reported people would see this giant creature in the next Pooran festival since health is excellent.

Thechikottukavu Ramachandran HD Images

You would get an idea about why is this giant elephant called as one of the deadliest creature living in India after looking at these following HD images of Ramachandran.

Thechikottukavu Ramachandran Image

Thechikottukavu Ramachandran Thechikottukavu Ramachandran Biggest Elephant

You would sure won’t like to come under his path, do you?. Well, if you are planning to see this elephant, then there’s only one place where you can see him, and that’s Thechikottukavu temple.

Final Words-

Ramachandran is undoubtedly a celebrity in the southern region of India who has got thousands of fan following. But still, this creature is one of the deadliest and most giant elephants living in our country. If you know any other interesting fact about Ramachandran, then you can leave a comment down below and let us know about it.


Funny IAS Interview Questions & Answers 2019

In India, government jobs have significant value because those jobs do not only provide security, but along with it comes a feeling of pride and dignity. Thousands of youngsters every year appear for the UPSC civil service exam so that one day they can see themselves becoming an IAS officer. Everybody who is preparing for this exam knows what kind of struggle they have to face.

Becoming an IAS officer might be your dream, but that goal will require you to go through some of the toughest situations you have ever seen. One of the hardest things about cracking IAS exam is that you will have to go through the toughest interview. Many people have scored good marks in their exams, but they have failed to crack up the interview. If you are worried about the IAS interview, then don’t because sometimes it’s been found that the panel might ask you some funny IAS interview questions also and here’s the example of such questions.

Q1: How can you drop a raw egg onto a concrete floor without cracking it?

Q2: What looks like half apple?

Q3: If you had three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the other hand, what would you have?

Q4: What will you do if I run away with your sister?

Q5: ( ) + ( ) + ( ) + ( ) + ( ) = 30
This is what you have for the equation. The following are the numbers that you can use to fill in the brackets: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15. You can repeat the numbers if required. The resulting sum should be 30.

Q6: How can you lift an elephant with one hand?

Q8: By using only one straight line, can you make the equation correct. 5+5+5=550?

Interesting Questions Asked In IAS Interview 2019

One of the best things about IAS interview is those can be interesting too only if you know how to handle that situation correctly. Many IAS aspirant thinks that they will be asked the most robust type of questions in there, but that’s not true in every case. Sometimes the panel which is going to interview you will ask some interesting and funny questions also to test your logical reasoning and will power.

If you look at those people who have successfully cracked their interviews, then you will find that they had been asked some interesting or funny questions during their conversation. Since you have already cleared the theoretical part of the IAS exams in the interview, your commons sense is what’s going to judge by these people. So here’s the list of interesting questions asked in IAS interview.

Q1:What if one morning you woke up and found that you were pregnant?

Q2: What happened when the wheel was invented?

Q3: Twins (Adarsh and Anupam) were born in May, but their birthday is in June. How’s this possible?

Q4: If two’s company, and three’s a crowd, then what is four and five?

Q5: A cat had three kittens: January, March, and May. What was the mother’s name?

Q6: James bond was pushed out of an airplane without any parachute. He survived. How?

Q7: If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how long would it take four men to build it?

Q8: How can a man go eight days without sleep?

Q9: The Bay of Bengal is in which state?

Weird And Tricky Questions Asked in An IAS Interview 2019

Preparing for an IAS interview might look tough, but if you made the preparations correctly, then you won’t face any problems in front of the panel of experts. If we look at the history of IAS interview, then you will find that experts in there ask some tricky and weird questions which will test your knowledge of various things. Now, these questions could be of anything because mostly you would ask about hypothetical situation questions in which the experts would judge your opinion. If you’re a type of person who is a jack of all trades, then you should have a look at these weird and tricky questions asked in an IAS interview.

Q1: If you throw a red stone into the blue sea what it will become?

Q2: A murderer is condemned to death. He has to choose between three rooms. The first is full of raging fires, the second is full of assassins with loaded guns, and the third is full of lions that haven’t eaten in 3 years. Which room is safest for him?

Q3: Can you name three consecutive days without using the words Wednesday, Friday, or Sunday?

Q4: What can you never eat for breakfast?

Q5: Where would Lord Rama have celebrated his “First Diwali”?

Funny IAS Interview Questions And Answers

One of the best things about preparing for IAS is that you won’t get bored on this journey. Since the first stage and till the interview you will have lots of fun. Generally, an interview panel of IAS is considered as strict because of the way they test the person who wants to become an officer. However, such things don’t happen every time because sometimes you would be asked some funny questions which you will have answer correctly. An IAS aspirant needs to understand that the interview panel consists of human beings, and they would sometimes ask you some funny yet tricky questions to test the level of your intelligence. Here’s the exclusive list of those funny IAS interview questions and answers which are often asked by interviewers.

Q1: Can you name three consecutive days without using the words Wednesday, Friday, or Sunday?

A. Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.

Q2: What if one morning you woke up & found that you were pregnant.

A: Girl – I will be very excited and take an off, to celebrate with my husband.

Q3: Twins(Adarsh and Anupam) were born in May but their birthday is in June. How’s this possible?

A. May is the name of the town.

Q4: If two’s company, and three’s a crowd, then what is four and five?

A. Nine.

Final Words-

So these are some of the best funny questions which are asked during the IAS interview. Most of the times when you’re feeling low or bored while studying for your exams, you should look at these questions which will light up your mood.

All of these quest questions have been taken from other sources and after examining interviews of the IAS candidates. If you liked any of these questions or answers or have any suggestion, then leave a comment down below.

What is JCB Ki Khudai & Top JCB Ki Khudai Viral Memes

One of the weirdest things about India is that we as a people like those things which can’t be explained in simple words and one them is seeing JCB machines digging big holes. If you are walking on the road, then you would find tons of people gathered watch jcb ki khudai which might be weird but many Indians find it entertaining. As a human being, we all like to those things which makes us happy and for the majority of the Indians seeing JCB machines digging holes at construction sites is a form of entertainment. In the last couple of few days, Indians are acting weirdly on social media because there are tons of JCB memes, which are trending and has gathered lakhs of searches on Google within a few hours.

No one can explain this type of things because earlier Indians made a teenage girl famous whose video song went viral in which she did nothing but winked. If you have not been on social media from the last couple of days and now wondering what’s with this all jcb ki khudai memes? Then this article might help you to understand the reason behind such a trend.

What Is JCB Ki Khudai?

One of the fundamental questions which might be coming into your mind is what is jcb ki khudai and why is it trending?. The full form of JCB is Joseph Cyril Bamford or J.C. Bamford, which is a British company that produces all types of construction equipment. However, in India, when we see a machine digging holes or clearing the mess on construction sites, we call it a jcb machine. There is no clue about how this jcb ki khudai trend started, but now all over the facebook, twitter, and instagram Indians are sharing memes relating to it. A few days ago, Indian Elections ended, but it seems like Indians have found a great source of entertainment.

There are even some celebrities who have shared the memes of it, and now people are wondering why is #jcb ki khudai trending on twitter, Facebook, and instagram. Sometimes you can’t explain things like this which is the reason now YouTube videos on jcb ki khudai are trending all over India and so far has received millions of views.

Top Funny JCB Meme

Jcb ki khudai memes are one of the best things that have happened after the Indian election 2019 results. If you are feeling bored or want to have a good laugh, then you can get that by looking at these JCB memes.

jcb ki khudai chal rhi hai jcb ki khudai meme jcb ki khudai viral meme why jcb ki khudai trending jcb ki khudai 3 jcbkikhudai jcb ki khudai 1

Why JCB Meme Trending?

No can say for sure why all of these memes are trending. As mentioned earlier, this is not the first time when things like this have happened because recently a girl from IPL match got full coverage. So we can’t say for sure which idea is going to be trending in India. We as a country might be diversified, but things like these unite us for sure.

If you go to the google trend and type jcb ki khudai memes then you will see that more than lakhs of Indians have so far searched this term. It’s not clear why these things are getting trending but whatever might be the reason the majority of the Indians like these memes.

Final Words-

The latest jcb news contains new meme material of jcb ki khudai which are going to upload soon. We have collected these memes from social media, and if you liked any of them, then tell us the reason behind it. If you have created a meme which you want to share with others, then you can comment down below.

CBSE CTET Exam 2019 – ( Official Website )

In this post, you’ll get CTET Latest News, Admit Cards, Syllabus, Question Papers and Answer Keys to get the rough idea of your performance in the exam and also to prepare for the upcoming test.

DATE OF EXAMINATION :- 07-07-2019 (Sunday) ( Paper 1,2 )


Application process already closed and candidates will able to download CTET 2019 Admit Card soon.

The teachers are essential for building the nation and educating the new generation. Without the teachers, you cannot imagine the future of any country. The Indian Government knows the importance of the teachers that is why they are conducting the CTET Exam 2019.

The Central Teachers Entrance Test
is the exam for aspiring teachers who want to educate the children in the
school. The job is of utmost responsibility, and the candidates have to pass
the Teachers Entrance Examination to educate the students in CBSE controlled

The Central Board of Secondary Education conducts the Entrance Exam for the aspiring teachers and have released the CBSE CTET Exam 2019 Notification sharing the details of the exam. If you are the B.Ed or M.Ed graduate and want to pursue the career as a teacher, then you should not miss the chance of giving the Entrance Test.

As the entrance test is already conducted and the aspirants are waiting for the results, the newly appearing candidates should start preparing for the next examination.

Download CTET Admit Card 2019

The Central Teachers Entrance Examination 2019 applicants will get a admit card or the hall ticket. The Admit Card of CTET 2019 contains the information about the candidates and other necessary things, and it is used as the identification proof at the exam centers.

If you’ve applied for the examination, then you’ll have to print out the admit card before entering the exam hall. If you haven’t printed that, you can not enter the exam hall and eventually cannot appear for the examination.

That’s why having CTET Admit Card 2019 handy is must do things before you do anything else.

The CBSE releases the Hall Tickets nearly 10-15 days before the actual examination date. With the gap between the admit card release and the examination, the students get the time to take a printout and prepare for the exam. The Central Board of Secondary Education releases the admit cards online to prevent any delays in sending the admit cards through the offline modes.

To download CTET 2019 Admit card,you have to open the official CTET website, i.e., and then enter your registration number and the password you used to create the account. Then,you’ll see the option to download ctet hall ticket 2019. You’ll have the option to directly print the document or save it as a PDF file for printing it later sometime. Well, it’s your choice.

Also, don’t forget to check theadmit card for any errors. Reporting the error to CBSE within the release ofadmit cards is very important, and if you do not get them corrected, then youwill face many clerical problems further.

CTET 2019 Study Material Download

The Study Material is significant to prepare for any examination, especially when it comes to the Central Teachers Entrance Test. You should know the syllabus you have to study, start reading the books and taking the notes and revise everything before the examination. Also, you are advised to check out the ctet previous year question papers and sample papers to get the idea of questions are going to face in the exam hall.

Here are some of the best CTET Exam Books PDF files, that you can download and start reading to prepare for the examination. These books cover the syllabus of the entire examination, and many candidates have passed after studying for the exams from these books.

Download CTET Books Pdf Free

1 – For Teaching in Primary Schools

Paper 1 is designed for the
candidates who are willing to get a job of teaching for primary school
students. The CBSE has developed the syllabus accordingly and here are the CBSE
CTET Exam Books 2019 that you can download and read to prepare for the

Subject 1– Child Development and Pedagogy – PDF Download

Subject 2– Language 1 and Language 2 – PDF Download

Subject 3 – Mathematics – PDF Download

Subject 4 – Environmental Studies – PDF Download

If you are willing to purchase the
paperback books instead of these PDF books, then you can visit any of the
offline bookstores or buy them online. The Arihant Publications and the Disha
Publications are well-known publishers of the CTET exam books.

2 – For Teaching in Higher Secondary Schools

Paper 2 is designed for the candidates, who are willing to get a job of teaching in the higher secondary schools. In the higher secondary or elementary schools, the skill set required to teach and handle the students indifferent. That’s why the CTET Exam paper is set that way. Here are the subjects for Paper 2 and the books to download for studying.

Subject 1 – Child Development and Pedagogy – PDF Download

Subject 2 – Language 1 and Language 2 – PDF Download

Subject 3 – Mathematics and Science – PDF Download

Subject 4 – Social Studies – PDF Download

The best choice for CTET is Arihant Books by many students, so if you want to download ctet book pdf by arihant publications then let us know we will try to provide you via mail.

CTET Previous Year Question Papers

The previous year question papers
give you an excellent idea of the paper pattern and help you to plan the study
pattern. As the exam is conducted every year, we have many previous year
question papers, that you should take a look at and also solve them for
practicing. For better performance in the examination, the candidates are
advised to answer the previous year question paper and exercise a lot. Here are
some of the official Central Teachers Entrance Test Exam Previous Year question
papers for you to download and practice.

Paper 1 – For Primary School

Year 2011 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2012 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2013 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2014 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2015 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2016 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2017 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

Year 2019 – PDF Download [ English and Hindi ]

CTET Official Answer key 2019

After every examination, the CBSE
releases the official answer key to allow the candidates appeared to check
their performance. The answer key has all of the answers for the question asked
in the examination. The answer sheet gives the rough idea for the current year
candidates about their performance in the examination and the future aspirants
get the idea of solving the exam paper correctly. Here, we are going to share
the CTET official Answer Key 2019 released by the CBSE for the recently
conducted examination.

Final Words

So, this is all we have about the CTET Exam 2019 and the preparation you should do to pass the exam and
become a topper. As the exam is one of the high priority exams amongst the
aspiring teachers, the candidates have to face the harsh and tricky questions.
The best way to confront and answer those questions is to study and then
attempt the paper correctly. We’ve tried our best to share every bit of information about the examination, Syllabus, Exam PDF Books, Admit cards and
even the previous year question papers. Act like the smart student and use all
of the CTET Study Material shared in this post to pass the examination.

CTET 2019 Result Announcement

Once you attempt the examination, cross check your answers with the official answer key. After that, all you have to do is to wait for the CTET result 2019.

Fore More Information Visit Official Website

I hope you’ve got everything to prepare for the examination and become the teacher in CBSE schools. If you have any doubts about the contents in this post or have any suggestion, please drop the same in the comment box below.


[2020] New Year Resolution Essay for Students

The New Year is the start of new ambition, skill, education and most importantly, the new hope for most of the people. We’ve passed the year which had a lot of difficulties and happiness with ease and now are ready for more challenges and satisfaction. Well, the New Year is the start of the new things for many people. The resolutions, wishes, ambitions, plans and many other things do start from the New Year. If you are the one who is asked to write a New year Resolution essay about what you are going to do, then you are in the right place.

Most of the educators and teachers inspire the students to write down an essay on their new year resolution. In this way, then spread awareness amongst the students about the new year and its importance. In this post, we are going to share a well written New Year’s Resolution Short Essay for Students, which you can use to complete your homework or even as the speech. Make sure you try to add your own words after reading my new year resolution essay for students.

New Year’s Resolution Short Essay for Students

The New Year resolution looks like an over hyped trend, but it is not. It’s just the people who create a buzz about their latest New year resolution and never complete any of the tasks they’ve vowed to achieve. It’s not a good thing at all. So, my new year resolution for this year is to have no resolution at all.

There is no sense in celebrating the first day of the new year with the resolution task. There are 365 days in one year, and you can choose any of the days to start your desired task or resolution. There is no compulsion on selecting the first day of the year to select the task or decide what goals to achieve in a single year. Yes! It’s a fantastic day to keep track of your progress if you start it from the first day of the year. But, you should not choose the day one only because your friends are doing it or you are under social pressure.

Also, taking a big decision on the first day is a stupid thing to do. You should not make any decision that you cannot fulfill in the year itself. When you take such decisions that are impossible in the selected time frame, there is a high chance of you neglecting and leaving the task incomplete. People are shameless, and they call it “New Year Resolutions are to be broken.”

There are a few things you should take care before announcing the decisions on the first day of the year. Make sure you do not fall prey to the social pressure as there is no compulsion. Also, make sure you do no promise yourselves to achieve big goals that are virtually impossible to fulfill in short time duration. Keep it small and possible within the shorter time frame.”

Final Words

So, this is all we have about the New Year Resolution for School students. The essay is all about we think about the decisions taken on the occasion of the start of the year. As a student, all you have to do is to use my new year resolution essay for students as the stencil and write about the ritual in your words. There is no need to copy the piece as it is. Let your writing and thinking ability take shape by writing your essays for school homework and projects.

[2019] Christmas Celebration In India | Wishes in Hindi and Malayalam

The Christmas is celebrated all over the world as the day marks as the Birth anniversary of Jesus Christ. The Christian community all over the world celebrate the day. Today is the day of Christmas and people in India are prepping up. But, why would they prep up for Christmas? Well, there are many Christian people in India, and they are all set to celebrate Christmas in India. As India is on the eastern side of the globe, the time zone is a little bit different, so the date and time of Christmas Celebration in India differ a lot.

As India is not a Christian majority country, people don’t know how Christmas is Celebrated in India. For those who are interested in knowing how do people Celebrate Christmas in India, we are going to share the same. As Christmas is here, you should hurry up and prepare yourself for the best night of Christmas.

Christmas 2018 Celebration in India

The celebration of festivals in India is very different from the other countries. Be it the Hindu festivals or the Muslim or the Christian festivals, the method of worship is different. There is no fancy lighting in an entire neighborhood or anything like the celebrations in other countries. Everything is silent and cheerful in the homes that are enjoying the festival.

how christmas is celebrated in indiaThis year, the 25th December marks as the birthday of the Jesus Christ, a.k.a., the Christmas.

On this occasion, the families enjoying the day visit the nearest church, spend time with family and arrange a get together with their friends and relatives.

There is nothing fancy happening in India on this occasion. The only thing different in India is the people participating in the festival. Even if the people from other religion don’t celebrate it, they do with others on occasion and share Merry Christmas Wishes with them. It is a common tradition in India to wish others while they are having some happy moments. If you are interested in Wishing your friends who are celebrating the Christmas today, here are some of the best Merry Christmas Wishes in Hindi.

Merry Christmas 2019 Wishes in Hindi

Majority of the people in India can read, write and understand the Hindi Language. It is a widely spoken language in India. If you know your Christian friend can understand Hindi, then sharing these wishes in Hindi on the occasion of Christmas is the best solution, Bu sharing these wishes on Facebook or WhatsApp, you can make them Happy. All you have to do is to copy any of the wishes messages and share them with your friends.

क्रिसमस का उमंग और उत्साह,
हमेशा आपके जीवन को,
खुशियों से सराबोर रखे ! Merry Christmas 2019

इस क्रिसमस आपका जीवन क्रिसमस ट्री की तरह,
हरा भरा और भविष्य तारों की तरह चमचमाता रहे! क्रिसमस की बधाईयाँ

देवदूत बनके कोई आएगा,
सारी आशाएं तुम्हारी, पूरी करके जायेगे,
क्रिसमस के इस शुभ दिन पर,
तौफे खुशियों के दे जायेगा!
Merry Christmas to All 2019

क्रिसमस का यह प्यारा त्यौहार जीवन में,
लाये खुशियाँ अपार, Santa Clause आये आपके द्वार,
शुभकामना हमारी करें स्वीकार! ,
मेरी क्रिसमस 2019

ना कार्ड भेज रहा हूँ,
ना कोई फूल भेज रहा हूँ,
सिर्फ सच्चे दिल से मैं आपको,
क्रिसमस और नव वर्ष की,
शुभकामनाएं भेज रहा हूँ
Merry Christmas

Merry Christmas Wishes in Malyalam

The people of Kerala speak the Malayalam Language. The Language is spoken by only the people from the Kerala state and nowhere in the world. But, the State of Kerala in India has the majority of the  Christian people. So, there is a high chance that someone you know is from Kerala and celebrating the Christmas with his family.

It is your chance to wish him a Merry Christmas and share some wishful messages with him. What is better than sharing the Merry Christmas Wishes in Malayalam? Doesn’t that make him happy? Instead of getting confused today, make sure to share these beautiful quotes with your friends and make their day happier.

സ്നേഹം മണ്ണിൽ മനുഷ്യനായി
പിറന്നതിന്‍റെ ഓർമ്മക്കായ്‌.
നാടെങ്ങും ആഘോഷതിരികൾ
തെളിയുന്ന ഈ വേളയിൽ. ഹൃദയം നിറഞ്ഞ ്രകിസ്‌തുമസ് ആശംസകൾ.

മഞ്ഞു പെയ്യുന്ന രാവ്, മാനത്ത് തിളങ്ങി നിൽക്കുന്ന നക്ഷത്രങ്ങൾ ഉണ്ണിയേശുവിന്റെ വരവിന് സ്വാഗതമരുളുന്ന മഞ്ഞു പെയ്യുന്ന പുലരികൾ..
സ്നേഹത്തിന്റെയും സമാധാനത്തിന്റെയും….
ക്രിസ്തുമസ് വേളയിൽ
എന്റെ എല്ലാ പ്രിയപ്പെട്ടവർക്കും
ഹൃദയം നിറഞ്ഞ

വിദൂരയാ പൊൻകൂട്ടിൽ പുൽമെത്തയിൽ
കിടന്നൊരാ പൈതലാം #ഉണ്ണിയേശു.
നൽ താമരകൾ വാനിൽ മിഞ്ഞി തിളങ്ങി
മയങ്ങുമാകുഞ്ഞിനേ എത്തി നോക്കി..

എല്ലാ കൂട്ടുകാർക്കും ഹൃദയം നിറഞ്ഞ ക്രിസ്മസ് ആശംസകൾ

വിണ്ണിന്റെ പുത്രൻ മണ്ണിൽ സംജാതനായതിന്റെ വരവറിയിച്ചു കൊണ്ട് വീണ്ടുമൊരു ക്രിസ്തുമസ് കൂടി… Merry Christmas to All of You

നക്ഷത്രങ്ങൾ വർണ്ണം വിരിയിക്കുന്ന ആകാശത്തിൽ മാലാഖമാർ ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ഗാനം ആലപിക്കുമ്പോൾ…
എന്റെ സുഹൃത്തിന്‌ ഹൃദയം നിറഞ്ഞ ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകൾ…

സ്നേഹം മണ്ണിൽ മനുഷ്യനായ് പിറന്നതിന്റെ ഓർമ്മക്കായ്…
നാടെങ്ങും ആഘോഷ തിരികൾ തെളിയുന്ന ഈ വേളയിൽ…
ഒരായിരം ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകൾ…

നക്ഷത്രങ്ങൾ കൂടു കൂട്ടിയ ഈ കുളിരുള്ള രാത്രിയിൽ പുൽക്കൂടിന്റെ ചൂടേറ്റു പിറന്ന ഉണ്ണി യേശുവിനെ ഓർക്കുന്നതോടൊപ്പം നിനക്കായ് ഞാൻ നേരുന്നു ഒരായിരം ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകൾ… Happy Christmas to my Friends

We are mentioning some of the Best Places to Visit on Christmas in India.

  • Goa
  • Puducherry
  • Kerala
  • Mumbai
  • Daman and Diu

Final Words

Every country has a different way of celebrating the festivals, and Christmas is no exception to this rule. India is a culturally diverse country, the method of celebration is way more natural and adopted according to the environment. I hope you got the idea of How is Christmas Celebrated in India. If you have any doubts or inputs, please make sure to comment below.

[LIVE] Rajasthan Election Result Latest News – Complete List

The Indian states follow the different voting system than the rest of the world. With the Westminster method of voting and government forming, India is the part of a few countries that follow the same. The states in India follow the same voting and election system. The same can be observed in the Rajasthan State Elections.

The elections in Rajasthan are for the State Government and the Legislative assembly. As there are millions of people living in Rajasthan, we are sharing Rajasthan election result 2018 latest news.

The Election Commission of India announces and manages the election procedure in all of the Indian states. The Election Commissions oversee Even the smallest panchayat election. The Commission has announced the Rajasthan Election Date as 7th December 2018. On this day, the state-wise polls will be conducted for all of the vacant seats for the Legislative assembly elections. Not just the Rajasthan State, but the polls are being held in the other states like Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Mizoram.

Rajasthan Election Result 2018 Latest News

This section of this post will show you every news and update about the Rajasthan election 2018. The Legislative Assembly Elections in the State of Rajasthan are due on 7th December 2018. On this day, the polls will be held for 200 vacant seats in the Legislative assembly of the state, and the party in the majority will form the Government.

The Rajasthan Election Date is 7th December, on which Election commissions will record the votes. After the voting is completed, the vote counting process will start on 11th December 2018. On the same day, the election commission will declare the winners and the Governor of the state will invite the party in the majority to form the government.

Check Rajasthan Election Result Live

The election results are scheduled to be announced on the 11th of December 2018. As the vote counting continues, the results will be declared. There may be some delays between the result announcement. Once, the vote counting at all of the counting stations is completed, the consolidated result will be announced.

The Election Commission of India provides the live updates on the election results. From the counting of votes to the winners and losers, everything is updated on their website in real time. Also, the news channels are providing the live updates from the field for almost every election in India, be it for state government or central government.

If you are not interested in accessing those portals and mediums, then you should check the following sections. In this section, we are going to post every update about the election, and you can review the Rajasthan election Result live in this post.


The Elections are like the exams for all of the citizens and the politicians. Everything depends on the person you are voting and giving them the power to lead you and solve your problems. The people in Rajasthan are wise and will vote for the right person who can guide them and solve their problems. If you are a Rajasthani and want to get the latest updates about the Elections and the voting in every part of the place, you are at the right place. You can find every bit of details about the elections in the above sections. I hope you loved this article and getting every bit of more information and news about the polls, that will impact you the next five years.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay in English for Students

The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi took a significant step to clean up the Image of India by introducing the Swachh Bharat Mission.

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan translates to Clean India Movement.

As there was no regulation on Street littering, the people made a mess everywhere they go. That’s why, India had a bad reputation of being the filthy country with no proper waste management. Well, that’s not the case now as with the Success of Swachh Bharat Mission, India is becoming a beautiful litter-free country. As the people of India are going to participate actively for success, the students have to participate too. There is a significant role of students in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

If we emphasize the importance of cleanliness in the young kids and students, the time is not far when we become totally litter free. Nowadays, the government is encouraging the schools to include the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in the syllabus. Most of the times, students will get the option to write a swachh Bharat mission essay in the examinations.

To help the students score good marks, we are sharing a excellent swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay for students, which they can read and write in the examinations or even deliver it as a speech.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay for Students

Suggested Titles for This Essay :- Role of Students in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay in English or Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in English.

The Mahatma Gandhi quotes that “ Sanitation is Way more important than the Independence.” India is now independent but not sanitized properly as people don’t have access to proper resources. With open defecation and urination, the country is not in good condition if we look from the eyes of clean nations. There is a lot of work to do to make our country cleaner and provide proper sanitization solutions to the residents.

The Government knew the problem and started the ”Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” on 2nd October 2014 on the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi who always promoted the sanitization in India. Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi unveiled this mission and said that by the year  2019, India would become the thoroughly sanitized country. The Clean India Mission focuses on few important topics like eliminating Open Defecation, Discouraging Manual Scavenging, Change the sanitary system in India, Changing the insanitary toilet system to manual sanitary system, discourage public littering, and keeping every public place clean.  These are the primary goals that the government is expected to achieve by the end of missions.

But, some significant sub-factors are being implemented too — the Public Awareness about Sanitation, building toilets in village areas, solid waste management, liquid waste management, making bi-products from the waste, and also building community toilets to avoid open urination on the roads.

Not only the Government of India, but many Not for Profit organizations and volunteers have joined the missions and providing the help in making India clean and sanitized. There are many favorite NGO and volunteers like “Waste Warriors,” “Ugly Indian” and local level organizations promoting the missions. Not just them, the celebrities like Sachin Tendulkar, Amitabh Bachchan, Baba Ramdev, Almost all of the TV actors like Dilip Joshi and others are promoting the mission.  Thanks to the vision of Mr. Narendra Modi and the efforts taken by every volunteer, we see the changes in the environment as people stopped open defecation due to newly built toilets, open urination due to community toilets, and littering due to the proper waste management system.

The government is spending a lot of money on promoting the mission to everyone. And the big part is being played by the students, who are just learning the importance of sanitation. The role of students in Swachh Bharat Mission is, and the government knows the importance of training the young minds to keep India clean. That’s why, the real stars of this mission are not the celebrities, but the young students who will take the responsibilities.

Although, there is a lot of work is due to do. But, in the country with more than 1.2 billion people, it is difficult and time-consuming to promote the mission and get results. As per the Government visions, by the end of the year 2019, the country will become litter free, and everyone in the country will have their toilet to prevent them from open defecation and urination. The prime minister has urged every Indian to devote a small amount of time for this mission and make India green and clean. If we all come together and participated, then the day is not far away when we can see the stunning results of this mission.

Final Words

There are very few governments that take care of their citizens by promoting such useful projects. I hope you’ve learned about the mission from this Swachh Bharat Mission Essay. Just remember the way we presented this essay and write the same in your examination or presentation. I hope you liked this swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay for students and share it with your friends.