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Top Career Paths After Class 12th

Top Career Paths After Class 12th

We asked many 12th Board students, asking, “What’s next? What are you planning to pursue?” Many responses revealed confusion. We get it—this is a pivotal moment for you. Choosing the right career options now can set the foundation for achieving your goals and shaping a successful future.

Some students are clear about what they want to do, especially scholars because they are like- I am preparing for UPSC, or MBBS, etc. But what about the mid-range ones? See, you have a plethora of options when it comes to degrees, diplomas, or courses, but what to choose is an important question. 

Here the best way is to go for what you like, what fascinates you, what you want to be. Go for it! 

Let us see the career options after 12th ( 10+2) Boards.

Understanding different streams

Understanding different streams

The Indian educational system after Class 10 is divided into three main streams: Commerce, Science (PCM- Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics / PCB- Physics, Chemistry, Biology), and Arts/ Humanities. 

Each stream caters to specific career options ranging from engineering and medicine in Science to accounting and finance in Commerce and journalism and literature in Arts. Let me explain in detail:

Science (PCM/PCB)

In the Science stream, students generally prefer Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and Computer Science. Students with an aptitude for science will benefit from this program. Some common career options with this are:

  1. B.Tech/ B.E: Civil, Mechanical, Computer Science, Electronics, and Chemical- There are so many specializations that you are interested in.
  1. MBBS/ BDS: Medicine is the most noble profession. If you want to be a Cardiologist, Oncologist, or Neurologist, go with PCM. But if you want to be a doctor specializing in Pediatrics, General Medicine, Psychiatry, or Surgery, take PCB as a core subject in 10+2.
  1. Well, there are other professions with PCB like nursing, dentistry, pharmacy, and veterinary science. 
  1. Biotechnology/ Biochemistry: It is a rapidly growing technological field along with biology, research for genetic engineering, and pharmaceuticals.
  1. Anatomy/ Astrophysics: If you have a sharp mind and want to go into the research field whether it’s NASA or any other organization PCM is the way.

Career Opportunities after 12th Science are:

  • MBBS
  • B. Tech/B. Arch
  • Biomedical Science
  • Forensic Science
  • Pharmacy
  • Nursing
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Science


In Commerce, you can study subjects like Accounting, Economics, Business Studies and Mathematics. It is a gateway for students who wish to pursue careers in:

  1. Business Administration: BBA and MBA are the most preferred streams after completing 12th to gain expertise in management, marketing, banking, finance, and human resources for various leadership roles in white-collar companies.
  1. Accounting & Finance: To become an analyst, investment banker, or stock broker, finance should be your primary subject. The accounting profession leads to becoming a Chartered Accountant CA or Certified Public Accountant CPA. 
  1. Marketing: Branding is the most tough job and if you are ready to take up the challenge of sales and marketing, it will come with PG in marketing.
  1. Management: Lead teams, manage resources, and drive organizational success in sectors like retail, hospitality, and manufacturing companies. 

Career Opportunities After 12th Commerce are:

  • B. Com
  • CA
  • Finance and Investment Analyst
  • Actuarial Science
  • HRM
  • Digital Marketing
  • Economics
  • Cost Management

Arts/ Humanities: 

This stream teaches you about critical thinking, creativity, and communication abilities. Subjects like History, Political Science, Languages, Psychology, and Sociology open doors in law, teaching, journalism, content writing, design, social and political work.

Career Opportunities after 12th Arts:

  • B.A 
  • Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Bachelors of Fine Arts
  • B.Ed
  • Any Art Courses- Painting, Dance, Music, Drama
  • Travel and Tourism
  • Fashion Designing
  • Culinary Art
  • Hotel Management

Vocational and Skill-Based Careers

A vocational and skill-based career is a great alternative for people with practical, hand-skills and field demands. These focus on developing skills for immediate application in various industries. 

Unlike the four-year degree concept, it is more about practical learning through Vocational Schools, and Learning Programs, and Apprenticeships. Examples are: 

  1. Trade: Electricians, plumbers, mobile repairing, carpenters, welders, HVAC technicians, refrigerator repairing, machinist, tractor repairing, diesel mechanic, etc. 
  1. IT Information Technology: Computer network technicians, cyber-security, specialists, web developers
  1. Healthcare: Medical assistants, surgical technologists, dental hygienists
  1. Media & Design– graphic designers, animation, videographers
  1. Business and Administration: Administrative assistant, paralegals, customer service representatives

Emerging Fields

With new technologies and advancements, many exciting possibilities are emerging as it is what we call future job prospects for youths. Here are the areas to go for:

  1. Artificial Intelligence AI and Machine Learning ML:  Artificial intelligence and machine learning are the next big thing. Artificial Intelligence has already made a buzz and we know it is the new era. Similarly, machine learning helps in tasks like automation, data analysis, and decision-making.
  1. Data Science and Analytics: Data scientists jobs are popular these days. Learn massive data analysis, extract insights, and solve complex business issues in big organizations.
  1. Cybersecurity: With all good, there is bad too. And here comes the job of cybersecurity to safeguard company data by protecting computers and networks from cyberattacks. You can explore careers in decoding, ethical hacking, vulnerability assessment, and network security.
  1. Renewable Energy: Renewable energy is booming. Our PM has also urged people to go for sustainable energy. Hence, solar energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy lines have a lot of potential.

Other Emerging Fields are:

  • Blockchain Technology 
  • Biotechnology and Genomics
  • Internet of Things IoT
  • Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
  • Robotics and Automation
  • Cloud Computing
  • Augmented Reality
  • Software Development

If you ask us, which sector will have more jobs in upcoming years? It’s these emerging fields that will pay you off well in 2030. 

Studying Abroad

Studying Abroad

Studying abroad provides you with a gateway to academic excellence and personal growth. Students prefer going to foreign countries to study various courses, especially when doing any doctorate or special courses. 

How can I get through reputed Universities Abroad?

Popular countries for study abroad destinations are the USA, UK, Canada, Australia, and Germany. To get through reputed universities you have to prepare for standardized tests like SAT, ACT, GMAT, or GRE for admission. 

Start by exploring universities and programs that align with your career goals. Also, check for location, living costs, curriculum, etc. As mentioned above, these universities conduct admission tests. Gather the necessary documents for the application process. You may also apply for financial aid, scholarships, and grants to help manage living abroad.

Some famous abroad courses are BBA/MBA, Engineering, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Law, Public Health, Environmental Science, and International Relations. However, many other courses are available abroad.

Government and Civil Services

For students interested in serving the public and making a difference in society, a career in government or civil services can be a rewarding option. 

Preparing for competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, or state-level exams can lead to prestigious job opportunities in the government sector. 

Entrepreneurship and Startups

Some students are passionate about starting their businesses or working in the startup ecosystem. Pursuing entrepreneurship courses or gaining experience in a startup can provide valuable insights and help students launch their ventures.

Some famous Indian Startups are Zomato, Swiggy, Cred, Paytm, Groww, RazorPay, Meesho, Naykka Ola, etc.

FAQs: What you should ask for!

Career Paths after Class 12th

1. Which stream will get me a high salary after completing the 12th Boards?

This is a tricky question as you can get any stream for high-paying jobs after the 12th. Generally, PCM is considered for high salary packages after completing engineering. But, if you have that X factor, any stream will lead you to a high-profile job.

2. Which job has high salaries?

India is very lucrative when it comes to salaries but jobs like CA, IT, Investment bankers, Medical professionals, data scientists, machine learning experience, product managers, foreign traders, stock exchange marketers export managers, etc., usually have high-paying jobs.

3. How to know what stream to go for after 12th completion?

Many students struggle to know what to do? In this condition you can take self assessments tests- Aptitude Test. 

You can also go through MySkills India Portal, which is a government initiative offering free skill gap assessments across various sectors. You can also go for career counselors and career guidance websites.

A Success Story to Inspire You!

Satya Nadela: An Engineer To a Leading Tech Giant

Satya Nadela: An Engineer To a Leading Tech Giant

Satya Nadella, the current CEO of Microsoft, is a shining example of a successful career options from a Science background (PCM ). He pursued a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Manipal Institute of Technology in India and MBA from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

He began his career at Microsoft in 1992, working on enterprise software products. As technology evolved, Nadella embraced new opportunities. He played a key role in the development of Microsoft’s cloud computing strategy, a pivotal move for the company. He also championed the acquisition of LinkedIn, a major social networking platform for professionals.

His ability to adapt, think strategically, and foster a culture of innovation led him to become CEO of Microsoft in 2014. Under his leadership, Microsoft has transformed from a traditional software company to a leader in cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and other cutting-edge technologies.

Read Also : Top 10 Indian Startups You NEED to Know About

His journey demonstrates the value of adaptability, continuous learning, and a willingness to embrace new challenges.

Preparing for the Future!

It is essential for students, regardless of their career options, to stay up-to-date on industry trends and upgrade their skills. 

Pursuing certifications, attending workshops, and gaining practical experience through internships can help students prepare for the ever-evolving job market.

Best of Luck!

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